Old Goa was a thriving city even before the Portuguese arrived in 1510. After Portuguese conquest, old Goa went on to become a bustling metro glittering with gold and glamour. As its reputation grew, the fabulous city attracted visitors from all over Europe. Thousands and more tourists pour in every year to visit the Basilica of Bon Jesus, which holds the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier(approx. 400 yrs old) and is a UNESCO world heritage site. This is one of the most oldest Churches in Goa and India.
North Goa is one of the two districts of Goa, bounded by sindhudurg district of Maharashtra to the north. North Goa is known and loved as a land of golden beaches, palm trees, paddy fields and wooden hills. Its churches, temples, shrines and forts tell its history. It is associated with music, the famous Goa cusine and most of all with a peace-loving, smiling people. The beachs of north Goa are lit and alive with night clubs, pubs and bars in the coastal region. It was not, however, always this way. Until the 1960s Calangute was the sedate watering hole of the Portuguese elite, and the north coast was a simple string of fishing villages. Towards the end of the ‘60s came the heady days of naked revelers; next came the trance parties and, simultaneously, the package-holiday hordes. Today, if you’re here for spiritual bliss, don’t go to Baga on a Friday night, it’s more Ibiza than Inner Peace.
South goa is bounded by Karnataka to the south and konkan is a mother tongue of majority of the people living here. The south Goa beach circuit begins from Margao, the second important city in Goa. While the Airport of Goa is located in South Goa, some of the famous beaches here are Palolem, Agoda, Varca, Colva, Majorda, Bagmalo, Banaulim and Betul.The coast is punctuated with top-end-five-star resorts, which for all their sins, have managed to keep the shoreline free from midrange concrete block development. Inland you’ll find some fabulous historic sights, bucolic bliss and Goa’s most easily accessible wildlife reserve making the south redolent, rewarding and re-energizing place to base yourself.
Panjim is the capital of the state of Goa and lies on the banks of mandovi river. Purpose-built neat and tidy by its former Portuguese colonizers, the city’s inhabitants have adapted its European-flavored legacy to suit their affluent and easygoing needs. The city’s architecture is the surest sign that Goa enveloped independently of the rest of India. Nowhere here will you find the rush and hustle of the most Indian cities. The panjim pace is steadfastly steady, its streets are wide and tree-lined center refreshing free from hawkers and trimesters.